Which Symptoms are the most likely side effects of tricyclic antidepressants?
Some common possible side effects include:
- Blurred vision.
- Dry mouth.
- Drop in blood pressure when moving from sitting to standing, which can cause lightheadedness.
- Urine retention.
What is the effect of tricyclic antidepressants?
Tricyclic antidepressants increase levels of norepinephrine and serotonin, two neurotransmitters, and block the action of acetylcholine, another neurotransmitter. Scientists believe that by restoring the balance in these neurotransmitters in the brain that tricyclic antidepressants alleviate depression.
What are 3 common anticholinergic side effects of tricyclic antidepressants?
The peripheral anticholinergic complaints of dry mouth, constipation, ocular side effects and urinary hesitancy are described and specific clinical guidelines for their effective management are provided.
What is the most common tricyclic antidepressants?
The TCAs most commonly prescribed today include:
- Anafranil (clomipramine)
- Asendin (amoxapine)
- Elavil (amitriptyline)
- Norpramin (desipramine)
- Pamelor (nortriptyline)
What are the side effects of amitriptyline?
Common side effects
- dry mouth.
- feeling sleepy.
- difficulty peeing.
Who should not take tricyclic antidepressants?
Ask your doctor before taking TCAs if you:
- Are under age 25 or over age 65.
- Have diabetes, heart problems, or a thyroid disorder.
- Have any conditions affecting your urinary tract or an enlarged prostate.
- Have glaucoma.
- Have a liver disease.
- Have a history of seizures.
- Take medications to help manage your mood.
What are the most common types of side effects from SSRIs?
Possible side effects of SSRIs may include, among others:
- Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea.
- Dry mouth.
- Nervousness, agitation or restlessness.
- Sexual problems, such as reduced sexual desire, difficulty reaching orgasm or inability to maintain an erection (erectile dysfunction)
Why do tricyclic antidepressants cause orthostatic hypotension?
Side effects of the TCAs include sedation, caused by histamine H1 receptor blockade; postural hypotension, due to α adrenoreceptor blockade; and blurred vision, dry mouth and constipation, due to muscarinic acetylcholine receptor blockade.
Are tricyclic antidepressants safe?
When taken at the recommended dosage, tricyclic antidepressants are considered safe. However, they have been associated with a few severe side effects, some potentially fatal, such as: An increase in suicidal thoughts and behaviors, particularly in children and young adults under the age of 25 years.